Owen Jarus, LiveScience Contributor   |   May 15, 2013 02:49pm ET   Sparta is a city in Laconia, on the Peloponnese in Greece. In antiquity, it was a powerful city-state with a famous martial tradition. Ancient writers sometimes referred to it as Lacedaemon and its people as Lacedaemonians. Sparta reached the height of its power in… Read More


This is an informational post with compiled text from external sources listed at the bottom. Julius Caesar declared January 1st as the New Year in 45 BC, starting the tradition. Caesar chose the date because the month of January is named for the Roman God Janus, a two-faced God who looks to the future and… Read More