Black death skeletons reveal pitiful life of 14th-century Londoners. DNA from emaciated London Black Death skeletons matches modern plague bacteria and supports airborne theory of spread Vanessa Thorpe The Observer, Saturday 29 March 2014 18.01 EDT Black death researchers extracted plague DNA from 14th century skulls found in east London. Photograph: Philip Toscano/PA The 25… Read More


CONTRIBUTORS: Rick, Dylan In 1942 a British forest guard in Roopkund, India made an alarming discovery. Some 16,000 feet above sea level, at the bottom of a small valley, was a frozen lake absolutely full of skeletons. That summer, the ice melting revealed even more skeletal remains, floating in the water and lying haphazardly around… Read More


Archaeologists have uncovered the earliest evidence of the presence of humans in Scotland with an assemblage of over 5,000 flint artifacts which were recovered in 2005-2009 by Biggar Archaeology Group in fields at Howburn, South Lanarkshire. Subsequent studies have dated their use to 14,000 years ago. Examples of te 14,000 year old flint tools unearthed… Read More

Serra da Capivara National Park

SERRA DA CAPIVARA NATIONAL PARK, Brazil — Niede Guidon still remembers her astonishment when she glimpsed the paintings. Preserved amid the bromeliad-encrusted plateaus that tower over the thorn forests of northeast Brazil, the ancient rock art depicts fierce battles among tribesmen, orgiastic scenes of prehistoric revelry and hunters pursuing their game, spears in hand. “These… Read More


“Many hold it for an excellent idea to praise such an absurd matter like that sarmatic [Polish] astronomer, who moves the earth and lets the sun stand still.” Melanchthon in 1539 speaking about Heliocentric theory being proposed by a paper titled ‘Commentariolus’, by Renaissance mathematician and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus.… Read More

The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp is a 1632 oil painting on canvas by Rembrandt housed in the Mauritshuis museum in The Hague, the Netherlands. Dr. Nicolaes Tulp is pictured explaining the musculature of the arm to medical professionals. Some of the spectators are various doctors who paid commissions to be included in the painting.

IN THE 1630s a sailor was thrown in a Dutch jail for eating what he thought was an onion. That onion was in fact a tulip bulb. The cost of the sailor’s gluttony was equivalent to the cost of feeding an entire crew for twelve months. That story is probably not true—no sane person would… Read More


Centuries Before China’s ‘Great Wall,’ There Was Another by CHRISTOPHER JOYCE December 29, 2013 5:04 AM Photograph of the remnants of the Great Wall of Qi in the Da Feng Shan (Big Peak Mountain) in Shandong Province, China. The Great Wall of China, built more than 2,000 years ago, stands as one of the monumental… Read More


The Father of Chicago: Jean Baptiste Pointe DuSable August 8, 2011 By: John R. Schmidt “The first white man to settle in Chicago was black.” That was a popular witticism around town in the 1930s, and it says a lot about the attitudes of the time. Of course, the person referred to was Jean Baptiste… Read More